Teaching Bundle: Carbon Cycle and Climate Change (High School)

Created by Russanne Low Last updated 10/9/2015

Activities in this list support The development of concepts for students to meet NGSS performance expectation HS-ESS3-6: Use a computational representation to illustrate the relationships among Earth systems and how those relationships are being modified due to human activity. This 5E bundle begins with conceptualizing and refining a model carbon cycle, conducting a lab (using common household materials) to create CO2, and refining the original model through building understanding of the temporal scales and how changes in the rate of flux between reservoirs is responsible for the build up of CO2 in the atmosphere.

  • ClimateBits: Fast Carbon, SlowCarbon - YouTube

    Engage: This 3 min. video explains fast and slow carbon cycling on Earth. A banana is an example of fast, young carbon. A chunk of coal is an example of slow carbon. The video presents the idea of residence time in a carbon reservoir in an entertaining and memorable way.
  • The Earth as a System (Grades 10-12)

    Explore: Students are introduced to the carbon cycle through discussion, modeling and a game. Students then complete activities and investigations on Greenhouse gasses. Lessons 1.1 and 1.2 lead students through creating a draft carbon cycle, playing a game to refine the draft, learn about the role of CO2 in climate warming, and interacting with a Excel-based climate change model. These exploratory activities will take about 4 class periods.
    AAAS Benchmarks: 4B/H9, 4C/H1, 8C/M11
  • Carbon Dioxide- Where Does it All Go?

    Explore: (Connections to Common Core-Math) Students use basic arithmetic skills to develop quantitative understanding of the fluxes in the carbon cycle the role of human activity in moving carbon from one reservoir to another, and changes in the residence time of carbon long sequestered in hydrocarbon deposits.
    AAAS Benchmarks: 2B/H3, 2C/M1, 4B/H4, 2B/H1
  • Fast and Slow Carbon

    Explain: This article from NASA's Earth Observatory addresses the idea of residence time in carbon reservoirs in more detail. As a reading assignment, the information can be used to refine the carbon cycle model the students built in the Explore section of this bundle, contextualizes the quantitative explorations in (Carbon Dioxide: Where does it all go?) as well as build understanding of some of the basic chemistry and physical processes that are taking place in the context of cycling carbon on our planet. Using this article, challenge students to describe the system model they created in the Earth as a System, Activity 1.1.
  • A Simple Model for Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide

    Elaborate: (Connections to Common Core: Math) In this problem set, learners will create and use a differential equation of rate-of-change of atmospheric carbon dioxide. They will refer to the "Keeling Curve" graph and information on the sources and sinks of carbon on Earth to create the equation and apply it to answer a series of questions. Answer key is provided. Supports MP.4 Model with mathematics: HSN.Q.A.1 Use units as a way to understand problems and to guide the solution of multi-step problems; choose and interpret units consistently in formulas; choose and interpret the scale and the origin in graphs and data displays. HSN.Q.A.2 Define appropriate quantities for the purpose of descriptive modeling. (HS-ESS3-6)
    AAAS Benchmarks: 2B/H3, 2C/H2, 12B/H2, 2B/H1
  • What do you know about Carbon? Quiz

    Evaluate: Vital Signs of the Planet: Global Climate Change and Global Warming. Current news and data streams about global warming and climate change from NASA. Students can self-evaluate their knowledge by taking this quiz, or it can be projected in the classroom to generate discussion.