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# A Field View of Soil - Digging Around

In this field activity, students learn about the five soil-forming factors and their influence on soil properties such as moisture, temperature, color and texture. They identify factors such as slope, shade, plants and compaction, and investigate... (View More)

# Atmosphere Chapter-Cloud Watch

Students observe cloud type and coverage and weather conditions over a five-day period and correlate these observations. Students make and test predictions using these observations. This is a learning activity associated with the Atmosphere chapter... (View More)

# Bird Beak Accuracy Assessment

In this activity, students quantitatively evaluate the accuracy of a classification and understand a simple difference/error matrix. Students sort birds into three possible classes based on each bird’s beak: carnivores (meat eaters), herbivores... (View More)

# Building a Thermometer

In this learning activity, students will construct a soda-bottle thermometer, which is similar to the thermometer used by GLOBE schools. Both are based on the principle that most substances expand and contract as their temperature changes. This... (View More)

# Calculating Relative Air Mass

In this activity, students work in teams to calculate relative air mass and demonstrate how solar elevation angle affects the intensity of light that reaches an observer on the ground. The resource includes a student data sheet. It is part of the... (View More)

# Cloudscape

Using information from their own observations, students construct a sky scene with trees and buildings as reference points on the ground and cloud types ordered by altitude in the sky. Students will describe clouds and then correlate their... (View More)

# Constructing a Model of Surface Ozone

Students will work in teams to create visual models to assist in understanding the volume of surface ozone in the air. Students construct cubes of different volumes and compare them to get a feel for parts per million by volume and parts per billion... (View More)

# Discoveries at Willow Creek

In this science-based storybook, students learn about making observations, taking scientific measurements and recording their findings in a science journal. Simon, Anita and Dennis join Hannah, a local scientist, as they compare spring and fall... (View More)

Audience: Elementary school
Materials Cost: Free

# Discovery Area

In this simulation exercise, students determine where to place a hosptial using a classified land cover map to make environmentally sound land use decisions. Results are presented in a mock town hall meeting. A student worksheet is included within... (View More)

# Do You Know that Clouds Have Names?

In this science-based storybok, students learn that clouds have different names based on their appearance and position in the atmospheric column. Contrails, or condensation trails, are also discussed. The book is one of a series in the Elementary... (View More)

Audience: Elementary school
Materials Cost: Free

# Draw Your Own Visualization

Students learn to identify and communicate important patterns in a dataset by drawing a visualization, and begin to interpret those patterns. Resource includes a student data sheet and scoring rubric. This learning resource is part of the Atmosphere... (View More)

# Earth Exploration Toolbook: Using GLOBE Data to Study the Earth System

Students will be guided through the process of locating and graphing web-based environmental data that has been collected by GLOBE Program participants. This chapter highlights the opportunities for using GLOBE Program data to introduce basic... (View More)

Audience: Middle school, High school
Materials Cost: Free

# Earth System in a Bottle

Working in pairs, students will create experimental conditions in terrariums in order to study what plants need to live. Variables to study include the presence or absence of soil, water, and sunlight. Students will record the growth of radish... (View More)

# Estimating Cloud Cover

Working in pairs or small groups, students use construction paper to simulate cloud cover. They estimate the percentage of cloud cover represented by torn pieces of paper on a contrasting background and assign a cloud cover classification to the... (View More)

# Exploring Annual Changes

In this activity, student teams conduct a quantitative exploration of the connections between parts of the Earth system, through examination of a time series of environmental data maps. By investigating the connections between environmental data,... (View More)

# Exploring Further Relationships: Aerosols

Student teams explore atmospheric aerosols, dust, and fires and their impact on the Earth's albedo using NASA Earth Observations (NEO) website. This is an extension activity in the student learning activity guide accompanying the GLOBE Earth System... (View More)

# Exploring Relationships Among Variables Six Months Apart

In this activity, student teams explore connections between parts of the Earth system, by examining a time series of environmental data maps. By examining scientific visualizations of a data pair in two time slices, they will see that the... (View More)

Audience: Elementary school, Middle school, High school
Materials Cost: Free

# Exploring Relationships Among Variables in a Particular Month

In this activity, student teams explore the connections between parts of the Earth system by examining a time series of environmental data maps. They observe that the environment is the result of the interplay among many processes that take place on... (View More)

Audience: Elementary school, Middle school, High school
Materials Cost: Free

# Exploring Relationships Between Two Variables

In this activity, student teams explore the connections between parts of the Earth system by examining a time series of environmental data maps. Each student teams examines images for two variables and determines if there is a direct or inversely... (View More)

# Exploring Single Images

In this activity, student teams explore connections between parts of the Earth system, by examining a time series of environmental data maps. Each team examines a single variable displayed on a global data map, and identify the unit of measure, the... (View More)

Audience: Elementary school, Middle school, High school
Materials Cost: Free

# Exploring Time Series Plots

Students will explore time series plots and raw data to understand the role of sea surface temperature increases on arctic ice melt. This is part three of a four-part activity on polar science. The activity builds on the knowledge gained in Using... (View More)

Audience: Elementary school, Middle school, High school
Materials Cost: Free

# Freshwater Macroinvertebrates Protocol

This activity guides students through sampling, identification and counting of macroinvertebrates sampled in a GLOBE hydrology study site, and understand how the taxa composition found in the sample can be an indicator of water quality and ecosystem... (View More)

# GLOBE Contrail Chart

This identification chart is a basic guide to observing contrails. It shows examples of the three types of contrails: short-lived, persistent, and persistent spreading. The chart is intended for use by students participating in the GLOBE program.... (View More)

Keywords: Clouds; Contrails
Audience: Elementary school, Middle school, High school
Materials Cost: Free

# GLOBE Earth System Science Posters and Learning Activities

These two posters represent visual data collected from satellites, ground based observations, and model predictions representing solar energy, average temperature, cloud cover, precipitation, soil moisture and vegetation over 12 month periods in... (View More)

# GLOBE Videos: Earth as a System (12:21 min)

Focusing on air, water, land and life, this video describes how these components are connected in the Earth system through the flow of energy, cycles of water and biogeochemistry. Methods of studying the Earth system, ranging from field observations... (View More)

# GLOBE Videos: Hydrology Protocols - Alkalinity (9:59 min)

This video demonstrates students measuring the alkalinity of a water sample, using an alkalinity test kit. The resource includes a video and a written transcript, and is supported by the Alkalinity Protocol in the GLOBE Teacher's Guide. This is one... (View More)

# GLOBE Videos: Hydrology Protocols - Dissolved Oxygen (12:06 min)

This video introduces the measurement of dissolved oxygen in a water body as an important indicator of ecosystem health, and demonstrates students analyzing a water sample for dissolved oxygen. The resource includes a video and a written transcript,... (View More)

# GLOBE Videos: Hydrology Protocols - Electrical Conductivity (9:20 min)

The video is a procedural guide to sampling electrical conductivity measurements in water bodies using standardized GLOBE protocols. It provides a step-by-step explanation of the field procedure and features students conducting the investigation and... (View More)

# GLOBE Videos: Hydrology Protocols - Water pH (11:29 min)

This video demonstrates students measuring the acidity of water, using pH indicator paper and a pH meter. The resource includes a video and a written transcript, and is supported by the Water pH Protocol in the GLOBE Teacher's Guide. This is one of... (View More)

# GLOBE Videos: Hydrology Protocols-Nitrates (12:13 min)

This video provides a step-by-step guide to determining nitrate and nitrite concentrations in a water sample, using a nitrate testing kit. It describes what chemical reactions are taking place throughout the testing process. The resource includes a... (View More)

# GLOBE Videos: Hydrology Protocols-Salinity (11:52 min)

The video is a procedural guide to sampling salinity measurements in water bodies in the field. It provides a step-by-step explanation of field procedures and features students conducting the investigation and asking questions about what changes in... (View More)

# GLOBE Videos: Overview (10:59 min)

This video highlights students taking scientific measurements to support investigations in atmospheric science, hydrology, soils, and land cover. It shows students reporting data through the Web, creating scientific visualizations for analysis, and... (View More)

# GLOBE Videos: Overview (3:19 min)

This video highlights students taking scientific measurements to support investigations in atmospheric science, hydrology, soils, and land cover. It shows students reporting data through the Web, creating scientific visualizations for analysis, and... (View More)

# GLOBE Videos: Soil Characterization - Field Measurements (22:50 min)

This video demonstrates students locating and preparing a study site where they can conduct field observations. The procedure used when describing a soil profile is outlined. The properties of soil are described, including the structure, color,... (View More)

# GLOBE Videos: Soil Characterization - Infiltration (12:50 min)

This video describes how to select a soil infiltration study site, and demonstrates procedures used when taking soil infiltration in the field. Instructions for fabricating a necessary piece of field equipment, a dual-ring soil infiltrometer, are... (View More)

# GLOBE Videos: Soil Characterization - Soil Moisture (18:23 min)

This video describes how to select a soil moisture study site and sampling strategy, and identifies what laboratory instruments will be needed to complete a soil moisture analysis. Students are shown collecting soil moisture data and asking... (View More)

Audience: Elementary school, Middle school, High school
Materials Cost: Free

# GLOBE Videos: Soil Characterization - Soil Temperature (10:54 min)

This video describes how to select a soil temperature study site, and demonstrates the procedure students use when taking soil temperature measurements in the field. The resource includes a video and a written transcript, and is supported by the... (View More)

Audience: Elementary school, Middle school, High school
Materials Cost: Free

# GLOBE Videos: Water Transparency and Temperature (10:58 min)

This video demonstrates students measuring the transparency of water, a measure of water quality, using a Secchi disk or turbidity tube. Field measurements of water temperature are also shown. The resource includes a video and a written transcript,... (View More)

# GLOBE e-Training Modules

These e-training resources from the GLOBE Program consist of three modules for teachers and one for scientists: Introduction to GLOBE; Introduction to GLOBE for Scientists; Introduction to the Atmosphere Investigation Area, and Clouds Protocols. The... (View More)

# Introduction: Earth System Science

This chapter provides an overview of the science of studying the Earth system, with a focus on understanding the connections among phenomena that can be traced through the energy, hydrological and biogeochemical cycles, on a range of time and... (View More)

Audience: Elementary school, Middle school, High school
Materials Cost: Free

# Just Passing Through (Intermediate Version)

Students will time the flow of water through soils with different properties and measure the amount of water held in these soils. They will also experiment with the filtering ability of soils by testing the pH of the water before and after it passes... (View More)

# Leaf Classification

In this activity, students learn about hierarchical classification systems and create their own classification system for leaves they collect in the field. They learn about the key characteristics for classification systems and see that there are... (View More)

# Learning to Use Visualizations

In this activity, students work in teams to calculate relative air mass and demonstrate how solar elevation angle affects the intensity of light that reaches an observer on the ground. The resource includes a student data sheet. This learning... (View More)

# Making a Contour Map

In this activity, students plot data from GLOBE schools on a map with latitude and longitude lines and draw contours based on the values plotted. The resource includes a student worksheet and data table. Several suggestions for extensions of this... (View More)

# Making a Sundial

Students will gain an understanding of the daily movement of the sun across the sky by conducting a set of simple, quantitative observations using a sundial they have constructed. A student work sheet accompanies the learning activity.This resource... (View More)

# Manual Land Cover Mapping Protocol

In this activity, students produce a land cover map of a 15 km x 15 km GLOBE study site from hard copies of Landsat satellite images. Students place clear transparencies over the Landsat TM images and use markers to outline and classify areas of... (View More)

# Modeling your Water Balance

Students create a physical model illustrating soil water balance using drinking glasses to represent the soil column, and explain how the model can be used to interpret data and form predictions. Using data from the GLOBE Data Server, they calculate... (View More)

# Observing Visibility and Sky Color

Students become aware of the changes in visibility and sky color due to particles suspended in the air, called aerosols. They observe, document and classify changes in visibility and sky color over several days and understand the relationship... (View More)

# Observing, Describing and Identifying Clouds

In this activity, students observe and sketch clouds, describing their forms. They will initially generate descriptions of a personal nature and then move toward building a more scientific vocabulary. They correlate their descriptions with the... (View More)

# Odyssey of the Eyes: Advanced

This activity helps students understand the connections between remote-sensing technology, computer imagery and land cover assessment, and models how a satellite sensor communicates information to a computer. Digital information from a map created... (View More)

# Odyssey of the Eyes: Beginning Level

In this learning activity, students create a 3D model of part of their local landscape, then make a series of observations from different directions. Using the bird's eye view, they translate the 3D model into a 2D map with a scale and key, and... (View More)

# Odyssey of the Eyes: Intermediate

This learning activity familiarizes students with the concept of modeling as it is related to remote sensing and to the process of digitizing images. Students create a digitized image of a map that they have created, and through this activity... (View More)

# Polar Studies: Exploring Relationships Between Insolation and Temperature (Part 1)

In this learning activity, students compare changes in insolation with changes in surface temperature in the polar regions using scientific visualizations of global data sets. Links to readings related to the shrinking ice cap and albedo are... (View More)

# Polar Studies: Using Data and Images to Understand Albedo

In this learning activity, students compare polar data from the Arctic and Antarctic, explore Earth’s albedo and its effect on arctic sea ice, and examine graphed data and scientific visualizations of remotely-sensed satellite data. Readings... (View More)

Audience: Elementary school, Middle school, High school
Materials Cost: Free

# Practicing the Protocols

In this lab-based activity, students learn how to use scientific instruments used to take hydrological data. Students will rotate among measurement stations for each of the hydrology protocols that will be done by the class. They will practice using... (View More)

# See the Light

Through the use of prisms and glue sticks, this activity introduces students to a fundamental property of light: white light is made up of colors representing different wavelengths. Students use the results of the activity to explain the variation... (View More)

# Site Seeing: Beginning

In this fieldwork activity, students learn that when setting up a research design a system's boundaries are based on the question(s) a scientist wants to answer. Students ground truth, or validate, a pixel within a homogeneous area of a satellite... (View More)

# Site Seeing: Intermediate

This field activity introduces students to the concept of a system. Students identify the components, inputs and outputs of the local system at a range of biometry study sites, as well as the boundaries of their investigations at these sites in... (View More)

# Sky Observers

Twice each day, once during daytime and once at sunset, students observe sky color, visibility, and sky conditions over a one week period. Each observation is recorded on a sky report form (included) for follow-up discussions and comparisons. This... (View More)

Audience: Elementary school
Materials Cost: Free

# Soil Chapter - From Mudpies to Bricks

In this laboratory activity, students are introduced to the different particle sizes of soil and their properties. Using sieves, students remove organic materials and pebbles, and separate sand, silt, and clay. Students experiment by combining sand,... (View More)

# Soil Chapter-Just Passing Through (Beginner Version)

In this hands-on activity, students create a model soil profile in a two-liter beverage bottle, time the movement of water through different soils and observe the amount of water held in these soils. They observe the filtering ability of soils by... (View More)

# Soil Chapter-Soil: The Great Decomposer

In this hands-on activity, students conduct bottle experiments to learn about the conditions that best facilitate the decomposition of organic material in soil. In the lab, they observe changes in the decomposition of vegetable scraps by varying the... (View More)

# Soil Chapter-Soils as Sponges: How Much Water does Soil Hold?

Students determine the moisture content of a sponge after squeezing the water out of the sponge, and allowing water to evaporate from the sponge. Students also measure the amount of water that has evaporated from the soil samples. This learning... (View More)

# Soil Chapter-The Data Game

To determine if data values are reasonable, students need to understand the units of measurement and be able to estimate the expected range of values in data. This activity has groups of students collecting and recording data, changing some of the... (View More)

# Soil Characterization: Lab Measurements (38:10 min)

This video provides step-by-step instructions for collecting soil samples in the field, and for analyzing and storing soil samples in the lab. Procedures for determining the bulk density, particle density, particle size distribution, fertility, and... (View More)

# Soil and my Backyard

In this laboratory activity, students analyze soil samples from their homes to identify soil properties and learn about soil classification. Soils sampled by students from different environments are compared, and students ask questions about the... (View More)

# Studying the Instrument Shelter

In this project, students construct shelters that have varying properties and place them in the same location, or place similar shelters in different locations and compare temperature data taken in each shelter. Students predict what will happen for... (View More)

# Survivor: Earth

This series of ten lessons has been developed to teach students about local and global water issues. They are based on NASA’s Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) Mission. The activities are done largely outdoors and include scientific data... (View More)

# The Mystery of the Missing Hummingbirds

in this science-based storybook, students learn about seasonal migration of hummingbirds as they are exposed to the scientific process. Students Anita, Simon and Dennis and the rest of Ms. Patel's class research when the hummingbirds have gone and... (View More)

# The Scoop on Soils

This science-based storybook provides an introduction to soil description and sampling. Simon, Anita and Dennis follow their dog, Scoop, and find themselves in the middle of an adventure in soil. The book is one of a series in the Elementary GLOBE... (View More)

Audience: Elementary school
Materials Cost: Free

# The pH Game

This learning activity engages students in measurement of pH in water and soil samples, plants and other natural materials. By mixing different substances, they observe how pH changes, and become familiar with the pH of common household products.... (View More)

# Up In the Air

Working in groups, students use contact paper to make samplers to collect local data on aerosols - the small particles found in the atmosphere. Students then analyze, interpret and make predictions based on their data. Both the instructions for... (View More)

Keywords: Aerosols

# Using Data to Understand Polar Changes

In this activity, students analyze regions of sea ice using data and ImageJ software. They measure ice mass and calculate effective albedo, and plot changes in solar energy and water/ice cover percentages. This is part 4 of a four-part activity on... (View More)

# Water Detectives

In this introductory classroom activity, students exercise their scientific skills of observation and deduction as they use their senses and simple laboratory assays, such as pH indicator paper, to identify mystery pollutants in water samples.... (View More)

# Water Walk

In this field activity, students conduct a visual survey of a hydrology study site, and collect information about land cover and water quality. These observations are used to stimulate research-able questions about land cover and water chemistry... (View More)

# Water in the Atmosphere

In this activity, participants learn about the atmosphere by making observations and taking measurements. They will go outside and use scientific equipment to collect atmospheric moisture data (temperature, relative humidity, precipitation and cloud... (View More)

# Water in the Biosphere

Water is essential to Earth's living system, the biosphere. In this lesson, students determine the types of living things within an outdoor study site, use a taxonomic key to determine the predominant land cover type of their site, then predict the... (View More)

# Water in the Geosphere

In this activity, participants learn about the geosphere by making observations and taking measurements. They will go outside and use scientific equipment to investigate water in the soil by measuring soil moisture, temperature, color and... (View More)

# Water in the Hydrosphere

In this activity, participants learn about the hydrosphere by making observations and taking measurements. They will go outside and use scientific equipment to investigate temperature, pH and transparency of a body of water. They will use this... (View More)

# What's Up in the Atmosphere? Exploring Colors in the Sky

In this science-based storybook, students Anita, Simon, and Dennis want to know why the sky isn't always blue. They learn that there's a lot more than air in the atmosphere, which can affect the colors we see in the sky. Four activities accompany... (View More)

# Why (Not) So Blue?

Using water to represent the atmosphere and milk droplets to represent aerosols, students make predictions and conduct investigations to discover how different aerosol concentrations affect atmospheric color and visibility. This lesson is one of... (View More)

Keywords: Aerosols
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