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# Geomagnetism I: Polar Wander

This is an activity about the movement, or "wandering," of our Earth's magnetic poles. The learner will explore this concept by measuring and calculating the distance the Earth's north magnetic pole has moved over the past 400 years and calculating... (View More)

Audience: Middle school, High school
Materials Cost: Free

# Geomagnetism II: Magnetic Reversals

This is an activity about the periodic reversals of Earth's magnetic field. Learners will graph the frequency of magnetic pole reversals over the past 800,000 years and investigate answers to questions using the graphed data. This is Activity 8 in... (View More)

# The Declining Magnetic Field

This is an activity about the declining strength of Earth's magnetic field. Learners will review a graph of magnetic field intensity and calculate the amount by which the field has changed its intensity in the last century, the rate of change of its... (View More)

Audience: Middle school, High school
Materials Cost: Free

# Navigating the Earth with a Compass

This lesson is an introduction to the use of a magnetic compass. At a specific location, learners will locate an object using a compass, identify its bearing, and others will attempt to locate the object by only knowing the bearing reading and the... (View More)

# Student Derived KP Index

This is an activity about the Kp index, a quantification of fluctuations in the Earth's magnetic field due to the relative strength of a magnetic storm. Learners will take a reading from a magnetometer site and make a Kp index estimate to predict... (View More)

Audience: High school, Higher education
Materials Cost: Free

This is an activity about the magnetic fields of the Sun and Earth, and the interplanetary magnetic field, or IMF. Learners will engage in a question and answer dialogue, make connections using bar magnet examples and overhead transparencies, and... (View More)

Audience: Middle school
Materials Cost: \$1 - \$5 per group of students

# The Aurora: A Critical Look at Phenomenology

This is an activity about auroras and the scientific terminology used to describe them. Learners will read an article that provides an introduction to specific terms and concepts related to auroras and auroral substorms and examine photographs of a... (View More)

Audience: High school, Higher education
Materials Cost: Free

# Measuring the IMF

This is an activity about measuring the interplanetary magnetic field, or IMF. Learners will utilize cardboard boxes with a magnet inside to design a spacecraft, and experiment with ways to attach a magnetometer that will measure the IMF rather than... (View More)

Audience: Middle school
Materials Cost: \$5 - \$10 per group of students

# Spectrogram Plots and Magnetic Storminess

This is an activity about using spectrogram plots as an indicator of magnetic activity on Earth. Learners will analyze spectrogram data and compare it to local Kp indices in an attempt to determine global magnetic storminess. This activity uses real... (View More)

Audience: High school, Higher education
Materials Cost: Free

# Magnetic Magnitude Changes

This is an activity about the THEMIS (Time History of Events and Macroscale Interactions during Substorms) magnetometer and its ability to reveal many different types of disturbances in the Earth’s magnetic field. Learners will work with vector... (View More)

Audience: High school, Higher education
Materials Cost: Free

# The Wandering Magnetic Pole

This is an activity about Earth's magnetism. Using polar coordinates and several sets of provided information, learners will plot the position of the magnetic north pole to investigate its movement over time. This is the sixth activity in the... (View More)

Audience: Middle school

# THEMIS Magnetometer Line-Plots

This is an activity about the properties and characteristics of Earth’s magnetic field as shown through magnetometer data and its 3D vector nature. This resource builds understanding of conceptual tools such as the addition of vectors and... (View More)

# Soda Bottle Magnetometer

This is an activity about Earth's magnetic field. Learners will construct a soda bottle magnetometer, collect data, and analyze the results to detect magnetic storm events. Ideally, learners should collect data for at least a month. If several... (View More)

Audience: Middle school

# Soda Bottle Magnetometer and D-Component

This is an activity about changes in the Earth's magnetic field during magnetic storms. Learners will construct a soda bottle magnetometer, collect data, and analyze the results to detect magnetic storm events. The operation of the student-created... (View More)

# Exploring the Earth as a Magnet

This is an activity about Earth's magnetosphere. Learners will use a magnet, simulating Earth's protective magnetosphere, and observe what occurs when iron filings, simulating the solar wind, blow past and encounter the magnet's field. This is the... (View More)

Audience: Elementary school
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