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Earth processes  
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Demonstration  
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In this demonstration, liquids of different density are mixed to demonstrate how the layers of the Earth were formed as the denser materials sank to the inner portion of the Earth with the less dense materials, such as our crust, remaining on top. A... (View More)

This demonstration shows that an increase in temperature will speed up the water cycle. One outcome will be an increase in rainfall. A second outcome will be the increase in total evaporation of water and subsequent drought. Materials required... (View More)

This demonstration will show how increased temperatures will hasten the melting of ice in the environment, contributing to a rise in sea level and subsequent flooding of coastal areas. Materials required include 2 aquariums, plastic wrap, a clamp... (View More)

In this demonstration, students explore the concept of greenhouse warming. They determine whether an increase in the amount of heat-trappping gases in the atmosphere can cause the temperature on Earth to rise. Students compare the relative heat... (View More)

Atmospheric scientists use computer models to forecast the position of a moving volcanic cloud, and remote sensing can identify its components, including gases and aerosols. This resource provides ideas for classroom investigation of these topics,... (View More)

Keywords: Aviation hazards

In this demonstration, students learn that heat makes air expand and rise, and learn how pressure systems are formed by observing the creation of a convection current. A large rectangular pan, a salad dressing bottle, a small latex balloon and water... (View More)

This demonstration allows students to visualize how heat moves through convection - using water, food coloring, a small cup and a large jar - and prompts them to make a connection between the observed process and cloud formation. The resource is... (View More)

In this demonstration, students learn that air flows from a high-pressure area to a low pressure area, and greater the differences between pressure areas, the greater the wind speed. The demonstration uses an apparatus made from two 2L beverage... (View More)

In this demonstration, relative humidity is modeled using a sponge and a pan of water, and the concept of saturation is depicted. Students answer questions examining the relationship between temperature and the capacity of air to hold water vapor.... (View More)

This resource introduces the concept of wind chill, the formula used to measure it and relates it to the causes of hypothermia. A simple experiment using a pie pan, sand, fan and a thermometer demonstrates this concept. The resource is from PUMAS -... (View More)