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**Earth and space science**

**Mathematics**

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This is a series of three webpages about how humans and computers communicate. Learners will explore the binary and hexidecimal systems and how engineers use them to translate spacecraft data into images.

In this problem set, learners will analyze a satellite image of the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill on the Gulf of Mexico to answer questions about the extent, density and thickness of the oil leak. Answer key is provided. This is part of Earth... (View More) Math: A Brief Mathematical Guide to Earth Science and Climate Change. (View Less)

This is a book containing over 200 problems spanning over 70 specific topic areas covered in a typical Algebra II course. Learners can encounter a selection of application problems featuring astronomy, earth science and space exploration, often with... (View More) more than one example in a specific category. Learners will use mathematics to explore science topics related to a wide variety of NASA science and space exploration endeavors. Each problem or problem set is introduced with a brief paragraph about the underlying science, written in a simplified, non-technical jargon where possible. Problems are often presented as a multi-step or multi-part activities. This book can be found on the Space Math@NASA website. (View Less)

In this problem set, learners will calculate the parts-per-thousand measure for different scenarios, including ocean salinity as depicted in the image included. Answer key is provided. This is part of Earth Math: A Brief Mathematical Guide to Earth... (View More) Science and Climate Change. (View Less)

In this problem set, learners will use a diagram of carbon fluxes, which shows the sources that contribute to current atmospheric carbon dioxide levels, to answer a series of questions. Answer key is provided. This problem is part of Earth Math: A... (View More) Brief Mathematical Guide to Earth Science and Climate Change. (View Less)

In this problem set, learners will analyze a table of the length of day (hours) and the number of days per year on Earth in past eras. They will calculate future values, plot some of the data and identify the rate of increase. Answer key is... (View More) provided. This is part of Earth Math: A Brief Mathematical Guide to Earth Science and Climate Change. (View Less)

In this problem set, learners will analyze a table of electrical consumption of appliances when not in use and consider the total consumption in kilowatt-hours (kWh), associated cost and their own consumption when appliances are in "instant-on" or... (View More) "stand-by" mode. Answer key is provided. This is part of Earth Math: A Brief Mathematical Guide to Earth Science and Climate Change. (View Less)

This is a booklet containing 37 space science mathematical problems, several of which use authentic science data. The problems involve math skills such as unit conversions, geometry, trigonometry, algebra, graph analysis, vectors, scientific... (View More) notation, and many others. Learners will use mathematics to explore science topics related to Earth's magnetic field, space weather, the Sun, and other related concepts. This booklet can be found on the Space Math@NASA website. (View Less)

In this problem set, learners will analyze a table of annual electrical consumption by state in gigaWatt-hours (gWh) to answer a series of questions. They will also consider the carbon dioxide produced as a result of this consumption. Answer key is... (View More) provided. This is part of Earth Math: A Brief Mathematical Guide to Earth Science and Climate Change. (View Less)

In this problem set, learners will analyze a table of the axis location of the North Pole as it passes through Earth's surface to understand variations in the planet's rotation axis. Answer key is provided. This is part of "Earth Math: A Brief... (View More) Mathematical Guide to Earth Science and Climate Change." (View Less)