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**Earth and space science**

**Mathematics**

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In this activity, students estimate the size of the visible universe in relation to the size of the Milky Way Galaxy. To do so, students will get a sense of scale and will convert from centimeters to kilometers. This is the first activity in the... (View More) "Hidden Lives of Galaxies" information and activity booklet. It is designed for use with "The Hidden Lives of Galaxies" poster. (View Less)

This interactive, online module allows students to discover the velocity needed to escape the Earth's gravitational pull. By completing this activity, students discover how mathematics can be used to find escape velocity. Students may complete this... (View More) activity independently or in small groups. Detailed teacher pages, identified as Teaching Tips on the title page, provide science background information, lesson plan ideas, related resources, and alignment with national education standards. This module is a subsection of "Is a Black Hole Really A Hole?". It is within the online exploration No Escape: The Truth about Black Holes available on the Amazing Space website. (View Less)

In this activity students use their Log Tapes as a reference for ordered pairs, and graph positive numbers as a function of their base-10 logarithms. They extend each plotted point to the vertical axis, thereby generating a logarithmic scale that... (View More) cuts and folds into an improvised slide rule. This is activity E1 in the "Far Out Math" educator's guide. Lessons in the guide include activities in which students measure,compare quantities as orders of magnitude, become familiar with scientific notation, and develop an understanding of exponents and logarithms using examples from NASA's GLAST mission. These are skills needed to understand the very large and very small quantities characteristic of astronomical observations. Note: In 2008, GLAST was renamed Fermi, for the physicist Enrico Fermi. (View Less)

This is an activity about the magnetic deflection. Learners will observe and measure the deflection that an iron mass causes in a soda bottle magnetometer and plot the data. The data should show the inverse-square cube law of change in the magnetic... (View More) field. This is the twelfth activity in the guide and requires prior use and construction of a soda bottle magnetometer, as well as a six to ten pound container of iron nails (or an equivalent iron mass). (View Less)

This is an activity about interpretation of a data graph. Learners will use mathematics to create a pie chart of percentages and answer accompanying questions. This is the fourth activity in the Solar Storms and You: Exploring Satellite Design... (View More) educator guide. (View Less)

This is a set of two activities about time. First, in Cosmic Calendar, learners will scale the evolution of the Universe to a one-year calendar, with the Big Bang occurring on the first moment of January first. Then, in Time-Line Scale Model of the... (View More) Age of the Earth, learners will use a 10-meter strip of paper to create a timeline for the evolution of our planet's surface, atmosphere and life. This is Actividad 8.2 as part of the El Universo a Sus Pies, a Spanish-language curriculum, available for purchase. (View Less)