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This lesson uses a simple discrepant event to demonstrate the underlying cause for early miscalculation of the size of the Milky Way galaxy. By standardizing the Cepheid period-luminosity relationship without recognizing there were two types of... (View More) Cepheid variable stars with intrinsic differences in absolute magnitude, a distance calculation error occurred. Requires two lamps and two soft-white light bulbs: 25 watt and 60 watt (estimated materials cost is for light bulbs). This lesson is part of the Cosmic Times teachers guide and is intended to be used in conjunction with the 1955 Cosmic Times Poster. (View Less)

This is an activity about vectors and velocity. It outlines the addition and subtraction of vectors, and introduces the application of trigonometry to describing vectors. The resource is designed to support student analysis of THEMIS (Time History... (View More) of Events and Macroscale Interactions during Substorms) Magnetometer line-plot data. Learners will complete worksheets consisting of problem sets that allow them to work with vector data in magnetic fields. This is activity 15 from Exploring Magnetism: Earth's Magnetic Personality. (View Less)

This activity lets students measure distances in the classroom using parallax. The exercise can be done either at a high school level using trigonometric functions, or at a middle school level using simple arithmetic approximations to the... (View More) trigonometric functions. A work sheet is provided for the middle-school-level activity.The resource is from PUMAS - Practical Uses of Math and Science - a collection of brief examples created by scientists and engineers showing how math and science topics taught in K-12 classes have real world applications. (View Less)

This is an activity about the Doppler effect. Learners will use long springs or ropes to examine the frequency and wavelength of various waves. Then, they will observe a demonstration of the Doppler effect for sound waves, using this understanding... (View More) to investigate the shifted spectra of sample galaxies. Finally, learners will user their data to create a graph of distance versus recession speed, illustrating Hubble’s Law regarding the expansion of the Universe. This is Actividad 8.3 as part of El Universo a Sus Pies, a Spanish-language curriculum, available for purchase. (View Less)

This is an activity about the Doppler effect. Learners will use long springs or ropes to examine the frequency and wavelength of various waves. Then, they will observe a demonstration of the Doppler effect for sound waves, using this understanding... (View More) to investigate the shifted spectra of sample galaxies. Finally, learners will user their data to create a graph of distance versus recession speed, illustrating Hubble’s Law regarding the expansion of the Universe. This is Activity H-8 of Universe at Your Fingertips 2.0: A Collection of Activities and Resources for Teaching Astronomy DVD-ROM, which is available for purchase. (View Less)