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**Earth and space science**

**Mathematics**

Now showing results **201-210** of **247**

This is an activity about the mathematics of oscillation. Using data obtained in ninth and tenth activities in the Exploring the Earth's Magnetic Field: An IMAGE Satellite Guide to the Magnetosphere educators guide, learners will plot the formula... (View More) X(t)=X(0)cos(ft) or X(t)=X(0)sin(ft), depending on the data obtained during the oscillation experiments. Then, the mathematical model for oscillation is further refined by including damping. This is the eleventh activity in the guide and requires prior use and construction of a soda bottle magnetometer. (View Less)

This is an activity about observing the Sun. Learners will construct a pinhole projector to project an image of the Sun, observe and record the size of the projected image, and calculate the diameter of the Sun using the measurements and a known... (View More) distance to the Sun. This activity is from the Touch the Sun educator guide. (View Less)

Materials Cost: 1 cent - $1 per group of students

This is an activity about the magnetic deflection. Learners will observe and measure the deflection that an iron mass causes in a soda bottle magnetometer and plot the data. The data should show the inverse-square cube law of change in the magnetic... (View More) field. This is the twelfth activity in the guide and requires prior use and construction of a soda bottle magnetometer, as well as a six to ten pound container of iron nails (or an equivalent iron mass). (View Less)

This is an activity about oscillation. Learners will observe, time, and graph the data of the side to side motion of the mirror used in the soda bottle magnetometer activity to determine the mirror's oscillation amplitude. This activity requires... (View More) prior construction and experience in use of a soda bottle magnetometer, which is the eighth activity in the Exploring the Earth's Magnetic Field: An IMAGE Satellite Guide to the Magnetosphere educators guide. This is the tenth activity in the guide. (View Less)

This is a mathematical lesson utilizing algebra to investigate Earth's magnetosphere. Learners will solve algebraic distance equations that will show how the distance to the Earth's magnetopause depends on the incoming solar wind pressure. This is... (View More) the twentieth and final activity in the Exploring the Earth's Magnetic Field: An IMAGE Satellite Guide to the Magnetosphere educators guide. (View Less)

This is a lesson about the mathematics of auroras. Learners will be exposed to the mathematical formulas that are used to estimate how much magnetic energy is available in the magnetic tail region of Earth. This is the nineteenth activity in the... (View More) Exploring the Earth's Magnetic Field: An IMAGE Satellite Guide to the Magnetosphere educators guide. (View Less)

This is an activity about polarized light. Learners will use a polarizing filter to build and calibrate a simple polarimeter, use the constructed polarimeter to find sources of polarized light, and measure the angle of polarization of polarized... (View More) light sources and attempt to measure the strength of polarization. This activity is from the Touch the Sun educator guide. (View Less)

Materials Cost: Over $20 per group of students

In this activity, learners will explore the properties of color filters and filter bandpass by observing light sources using diffraction grating and color filters and create a graph of percent transmission versus wavelength to characterize the... (View More) bandpass of the filter. This activity requires various light sources, a diffraction grating, and two or more color filters that are transparent to some wavelengths of light and opaque, or nearly opaque, at other wavelengths. This is an activity in the Touch the Sun educator guide. (View Less)

Materials Cost: Over $20 per group of students

This is an activity about auroras. Learners will use images from the IMAGE (Imager for Magnetopause-to-Aurora Global Exploration) satellite and measure the diameter of aurora ovals to identify if there is a correlation between severe magnetic storms... (View More) and larger auroras. This is the seventeenth activity in the Exploring the Earth's Magnetic Field: An IMAGE Satellite Guide to the Magnetosphere educators guide. (View Less)

This is an activity about auroras. Learners will locate, study, and organize images from the IMAGE (Imager for Magnetopause-to-Aurora Global Exploration) satellite and search for a pattern in time of how auroras change. This is the eighteenth... (View More) activity in the Exploring the Earth's Magnetic Field: An IMAGE Satellite Guide to the Magnetosphere educators guide. (View Less)