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This series of ten lessons has been developed to teach students about local and global water issues. They are based on NASA’s Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) Mission. The activities are done largely outdoors and include scientific data... (View More)

This activity includes a presentation with links to videos about scientists and engineers working with NASA's Global Precipitation Measurement Mission (from the Faces of GPM series), as well as other STEM careers videos, followed by a number of... (View More)

Keywords: Careers
Audience: Middle school, High school, Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

This article describes the the effects of salt and heat on water and its movements. The accompanying game requires the manipulation of those two variables to create water currents leading to a treasure chest. A second article briefly describes six... (View More)

Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

A brief article on the role satellites play in studying weather introduces the topic featured in the accompanying game. The game requires players to move tiles to re-create a photo of Earth or space weather. Additional photographs show three weather... (View More)

Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

When New England was hit by Tropical Storm Irene in 2011, there was not a satellite monitoring tropical storms that far north; the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) was operating in a band between the 35-degree latitudes. The Global... (View More)

Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

This article describes the work being done by scientists to determine the origin of water found in Earth's oceans. A supplemental exploration of the Herschel Space Observatory is included. The article is targeted to children ages 10-12.

Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

This article defines and describes science. A sample experiment outlining the investigation of the autumnal color change of maple leaves is included. The article is targeted to children ages 10-12.

Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

This video provides a glimpse into the snowfall research planned as part of the Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) mission. GPM Deputy Project Scientist, Gail Skofronick-Jackson, reveals the capabilities of the satellite's new sensors, which,... (View More)

Keywords: Snow
Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

This ChemMatters article provides a history of the study of ozone, a description of an experimental simulation called "The World Avoided," a brief introduction to the chemistry of ozone, an explanation of how ozone is measured, and the difference... (View More)

Audience: High school
Materials Cost: Free

This interactive visualization illustrates changes in Earth's climate. Manipulate a sliding timeline to view the impacts on our planet of four climate related variables: sea ice, sea levels, carbon emissions, and average global temperatures.

Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

This article explains the role of the tilt of Earth's axis on seasonal changes. An accompanying exploration dispels the commonly held misconception that distances between the sun and Earth are a factor. The article is targeted to children ages 10-12.

Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

This two-sided poster presents images and information about ozone. The front features a series of color Earth images; each image reflects total ozone readings taken every October from 1979 to 2012. The poster back contains information about ozone... (View More)

This article describes the multi-camera instrument (Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer or MISR) aboard the Terra Satellite; participants use information from the article to complete a crossword puzzle. A supplemental article entitled, "Clouds and... (View More)

Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

Players complete five crossword puzzles related to weather. The puzzles are targeted to children ages 10-12.

Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

In this brief video, NASA scientists discuss the Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) mission and its role in studying and tracking Earth's freshwater resources. The GPM mission will advance our understanding of Earth's water and energy cycles,... (View More)

This short video (2:01) uses an engaging approach to emphasize the importance of tracking and studying precipitation. The video cast explains how the Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) mission will use a constellation of satellites to achieve... (View More)

This article provides a brief introduction to the Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES) and its weather data gathering capabilities. In the accompanying game, players help the GOES-R satellite collect data on six weather... (View More)

Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

This website features a range of interactive games, hands-on projects and fun facts about Earth, the Sun, our Solar System and Space.

Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

Using common items - a glass soft drink bottle, a straw, clay and food coloring - students assemble and calibrate a thermometer and then use it to measure outdoor temperatures. Students record and graph the temperature data and, additionally,... (View More)

Keywords: Temperature

Air traffic (and therefore airplane contrails) was halted nationwide for nearly three days following September 11, 2001. Students will investigate whether that stoppage resulted in any changes to cloud cover, temperature and/or radiation. Using the... (View More)

This activity examines the relationship between carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere and chlorophyll-a measurements in a watershed. Students analyze and compare two Excel plots-one showing carbon dioxide data values from the Keeling Curve and the... (View More)

Audience: High school
Materials Cost: Free

In this game, players help rid Earth of excess greenhouse gases with the goal of getting atmospheric temperature to the "normal" range. A link is included which provides directions on making greenhouse gases out of gumdrops. The article/game is... (View More)

Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

This article discusses how NASA, NOAA, and animal researchers work together using radio transmitters and satellites to track and study migration patterns of several animal species. Also included is a "Migration Concentration" game. The article is... (View More)

Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

This article describes how NASA radar studying rainfall can also teach us about bird migration. Includes an activity for building your own birdseed wreath. Targeted for children ages 10-12.

Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

Presented in a story format, this article illustrates the use and value of Search and Rescue Satellite-Aided Tracking (SARSAT). Two links are included, one provides a detailed explanation of the SARSAT rescue process and the other presents an... (View More)

Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

Participants respond to 10 multiple-choice questions related to glaciers and ice-caps. Immediate feedback, explanations and a final score are provided.

Keywords: Interactive

Using the MY NASA DATA Live Access Server (LAS), students gather data on both solar radiation and surface temperature for two same-latitude locations. Students then create online graphs of that data to allow for analysis and comparison. This lesson... (View More)

This lithograph features an image of the Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) satellite. The back provides an overview of the mission and an explanation of how it builds on the work of the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM). Also included... (View More)

Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

This ChemMatters article provides a brief background on smog, then examines the causes of it, efforts to reduce it, and methods used to measure it. ChemMatters is an educational magazine for high school students.

Audience: High school
Materials Cost: Free

In this activity, participants choose a science story theme from a provided list and provide parts of speech as indicated. The program inserts the words into the story script, produces a completed story and provides related science facts. The... (View More)

Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

Students begin by determining dew point using an aluminum can, stirring rod, ice and thermometer. Air temperature is also measured and recorded. Students then use those two data in conjunction with the Lifting Condensation Level approximation, to... (View More)

Students are introduced to the Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) satellite mission and its role in studying the water cycle. This webquest provides links to eight websites, allowing middle school students to explore the water cycle and its... (View More)

Using the 5E instructional model, students discover the value of using color maps to visualize data. The activity requires students to create a color map of the ozone hole from Dobson data values derived from the Aura satellite. Students then... (View More)

Research physical scientist, Dr. Dalia Kirschbaum, is featured in this short (~3 min.) video. Dr. Kirschbaum explains how the integration of her initial interest in math and her subsequent interest in the science of natural disasters lead to her... (View More)

Keywords: Careers; Hydrologist
Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

In the game, "Ozone Trap-n-Zap," players must balance ozone within designated layers of Earth's atmosphere. Background information on ozone is provided through an embedded link to an article entitled, "Life in a greenhouse? How ghastly!" Additional... (View More)

Keywords: Ozone
Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

This video summarizes the contributions of NASA's Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) toward the understanding of weather and climate, global rainfall, El Niño, and tropical storms, as well as the applications of that science. TRMM was... (View More)

This poster features NASA's Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) mission. The front features an image of the GPM Core Observatory satellite along with the constellation of satellites that will accompany it. Background information is provided on... (View More)

This article explains how Earth's atmosphere scatters the light from the sun, thereby creating the blue color we typically associate with our sky. Supplementing this article is an explanation of the importance of scattering sunlight. The article is... (View More)

Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

This article explains the monthly variations in the Moon's appearance as seen from Earth. Directions for using Oreo cookies to illustrate the four major phases of the Moon are provided. The article is targeted to children ages 10-12.

This short video (02:48) profiles Steve Nesbitt, a scientist affiliated with NASA's Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) mission. Following a brief description of his career pathway, Nesbitt provides both an overview of the GPM mission as well as... (View More)

This series of 16 captioned images depict representative plant and animal species threatened by climate change. In contrast, images of healthy plants are also shown to emphasize their role in removing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. The Climate... (View More)

Keywords: Global warming
Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

The effects of climate change on marmots in Colorado and sheep in Scotland are presented and compared. The Climate Kids website is a NASA education resource featuring articles, videos, images and games focused on the science of climate change.

Keywords: Global warming
Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

The recycled paper produced from the instructions provided contains an additional component - wildflower seeds. The entire paper disc can be planted; the sprouting of the flowers can be observed and analyzed. The Climate Kids website is a NASA... (View More)

This series of 9 captioned images depict green technologies that convert wind, sunlight and tides into electricity and also convert seawater to freshwater. The Climate Kids website is a NASA education resource featuring articles, videos, images and... (View More)

Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

Butterflies are dependent on native plants for survival. The decrease in the number and diversity of native plants has caused a drop in butterfly populations. Planting a butterfly garden, using plants native to the area, can promote butterfly... (View More)

Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

In addition to instructions for making a model bee out of polymer clay, this site also contains related information about bees: a fact list, factors that threaten them, suggestions on how to help them, a waggle dance diagram and video, and even bee... (View More)

Keywords: Global warming
Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: $1 - $5 per student

This short video (~2 minutes) explains how a raindrop falls through the atmosphere and why a more accurate look at raindrops can improve estimates of global precipitation. This information is important to scientists working on the Global... (View More)

This short video includes interviews with several key engineers who built and tested the Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) Core Observatory at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center. Interviewees include: Beth Weinstein, GPM integration and test... (View More)

Keywords: Careers
Audience: Middle school, High school, Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

This article discusses the challenges facing a species of lemur in Madagascar. Due to atypical rain patterns resulting from climate change, the survival rate of the offspring of these lemurs is decreasing. The Climate Kids website is a NASA... (View More)

Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

This game is played on an online map of a fictitious city. Players are challenged to complete an assigned trip in the most environmentally friendly way possible while staying within time constraints. The Climate Kids website is a NASA education... (View More)

Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

This article provides a brief introduction to solar energy, explains its benefits, and culminates in a description of the work being done by a group of volunteers, (the "Sun power people") who help install solar panels on homes in California. The... (View More)

Keywords: Global warming
Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

This career-oriented interview features a home energy auditor. He describes his job responsibilities and offers tips for improving home energy efficiency. The Climate Kids website is a NASA education resource featuring articles, videos, images and... (View More)

Keywords: Careers
Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

In this career-oriented interview, readers are introduced to the manager of several farmer's markets in Portland, Oregon. Following a brief description of his job and the general operations of a farmer’s market, he explains why these venues are... (View More)

Keywords: Careers
Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

In this career-oriented interview, readers are introduced to a scientist who works primarily on wind energy. He explains the importance of wind farm placement planning. Images of architectural wind and a wind farm are included, along with a link to... (View More)

Keywords: Careers
Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

This series of 11 captioned images depict the harnessing of three types of alternative energy sources: tidal, wind and solar. In contrast, several images of fossil fuel usage are included. The Climate Kids website is a NASA education resource... (View More)

Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

This article describes a form of solar energy collection called concentrating solar power and explains the basic technology behind it. A supplemental column provides a brief overview of three other solar collections systems. The Climate Kids website... (View More)

Keywords: Solar power
Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

This site lists the necessary supplies, along with the step-by-step directions, to turn a t-shirt into a carry-all bag. Also included are links to two iron-on transfers - the Climate Kids banner and the Leaps and Flutters game - for use in... (View More)

Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: $1 - $5 per student

Houses, some with floor space of less then 100 square feet, can leave a small carbon footprint. This article describes those "tiny houses," and gives additional reasons some people choose to live in them. Photos of several are included. The Climate... (View More)

Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

Using her countywide program as an example, a recycling educator offers incentives for recycling by providing data on energy savings and explaining how her county in Michigan supports the program. The Climate Kids website is a NASA education... (View More)

Keywords: Careers
Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

This series of 28 captioned images depict some the positive and some of the negative influences on the global carbon cycle, including industrial pollution, deforestation, waste disposal, transportation, and recycling. The Climate Kids website is a... (View More)

Keywords: Carbon cycle
Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

Instructions are provided for making a solar oven, followed by directions for using the oven to make s'mores. A side column discusses the practicality of using solar ovens in places like western Africa. The Climate Kids website is a NASA education... (View More)

A landscaper explains, through an interview format, how it is possible to design and maintain yards and gardens that require very little water. The Climate Kids website is a NASA education resource featuring articles, videos, images and games... (View More)

Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

The article addresses this question by suggesting environmentally friendly actions to help reduce carbon footprints, trash production, and water usage. “Green” careers are also discussed. The Climate Kids website is a NASA education resource... (View More)

Keywords: Careers
Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

This short article begins with a definition of groundwater and then focuses on problems related to groundwater in northern India. The Climate Kids website is a NASA education resource featuring articles, videos, images and games focused on the... (View More)

Keywords: Global warming
Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

This series of 12 captioned images depict some of the issues facing Earth’s fresh water supply, such as pollution, drought, and glacial retreat. The Climate Kids website is a NASA education resource featuring articles, videos, images and games... (View More)

Keywords: Global warming
Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

Arctic warming produces biological winners (whales) and losers (polar bears). This article explains why they are impacted differently and includes supplemental images. This lesson is part of the Climate Kids website, a NASA education resource... (View More)

Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

Adding lemon juice to water increases the water's acidity; adding carbon dioxide to water will also increase acidity. The effects of the carbon dioxide acidification of ocean water from burning fossil fuels are discussed and images of some of the... (View More)

Keywords: Greenhouse gases
Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

Following a brief introduction to tidal energy, this article discusses the use of tidal generators to convert that energy into electricity. The article also features a description and images of the Invergordon, Scotland tidal energy generator. This... (View More)

Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

The site features an online game in which participants keep recyclable items out of the trash by guiding them into proper bins. Accompanying the game is a list of three categories of items that can be recycled, along with the benefits of doing so.... (View More)

Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

The consequences of both sea ice melting and increases in ocean water temperature are presented in this examination of sea level- another of Earth's vital signs. This lesson is part of the Climate Kids website, a NASA education resource featuring... (View More)

Keywords: Global warming
Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

These animated stories follow the adventures of a polar bear and a fish. In the two episodes here, one just over four minutes, the other just over five, the duo come face to face with worldwide environmental changes. This lesson is part of the... (View More)

Keywords: Global warming
Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

One of Earth's vital signs, the extent of sea ice cover in the Arctic, is examined. An image and accompanying text describe the extent and consequences of the reduction in that sea ice. This article is part of the Climate Kids website, a NASA... (View More)

Keywords: Global warming
Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

This series of 13 captioned images depict the effects of global warming, oil spills and human waste on ocean water, organisms, and beaches. The Climate Kids website is a NASA education resource featuring articles, videos, images and games focused on... (View More)

Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

This site contains four word find puzzles; one on each of the following topics: air, water, land and life. In addition, the site features information on an Ecosphere - a self-contained living world inside a closed glass container. This lesson is... (View More)

Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

Instructions are provided for constructing a terrarium. The analogy between the terrarium and Earth is also provided. This activity is part of the Climate Kids website, a NASA education resource featuring articles, videos, images and games focused... (View More)

This online game allows participants to maneuver solar panels and a wind turbine in order to provide electricity to light five homes. Background information on sources of electricity- fossil fuels, solar energy and wind energy- is also presented.... (View More)

Keywords: Solar power
Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

The concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is the focus of this article; the units of measurement (ppm) are explained and the importance of monitoring that number as one of Earth's vital signs is also discussed. This article is part of... (View More)

Keywords: Global warming
Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

This series of 7 captioned images depict sources, causes and results of carbon dioxide and greenhouse gas emissions. This lesson is part of the Climate Kids website, a NASA education resource featuring articles, videos, images and games focused on... (View More)

Keywords: Global warming
Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

This article examines the ocean's role in heat absorption and carbon dioxide absorption. The consequences of changes in those, as well as in ocean water salinity, are discussed. The article is part of the Climate Kids website, a NASA education... (View More)

Keywords: Global warming
Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

NASA scientists, using several NASA Earth observing satellites, continue to seek answers to questions related to climate change. Several of those questions, focused on such topics as the effect of clouds and aerosols, and the role of the sun's... (View More)

Keywords: Global warming
Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

A question and answer format is used to differentiate between weather and climate, and to provide a brief overview of global warming. This lesson is part of the Climate Kids website, a NASA education resource featuring articles, videos, images and... (View More)

Keywords: Global warming
Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

The term "global average temperature" is defined and its importance in monitoring climate change is discussed. A supplemental column makes the analogy between Earth’s temperature and human vital signs. This lesson is part of the Climate Kids... (View More)

Keywords: Global warming
Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

The brief introduction to El Niño presented in this article also offers insights into its role during the quiet 2009 hurricane season. This article is part of the Climate Kids website, a NASA education resource featuring articles, videos, images... (View More)

Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

Use the imbedded sliding scale to observe changes in sea ice distribution, carbon emission levels and average global temperatures over time, as well as the effects of variations in sea level rise along coastal regions. This interactive is part of... (View More)

Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

The movement of Arctic air, known as the Arctic oscillation, can and will cause periodic extreme winter weather outside the Arctic region - the harsh winter experienced in many parts of the U.S. in 2010 is a recent example. This article explains the... (View More)

Keywords: Climate change
Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

This question is addressed through a series of questions and answers, each providing related introductory information such as how climate change is studied, the history of Earth’s climate, and the effects of climate change on Earth’s geology and... (View More)

This series of 18 captioned images depict several weather and climate-related events such as flooding, drought, glacial retreat and wind erosion. The Climate Kids website is a NASA education resource featuring articles, videos, images and games... (View More)

Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

Some bird species appear to respond to extreme weather changes in their native habitat by moving to more hospitable environments. This article discusses the role of NASA satellites, along with field and citizen scientists, in studying that movement.... (View More)

Students will be introduced to the causes, locations, and hazards of landslides, as well as the role of satellite observations in predicting and studying them. To begin, students investigate the amount of precipitation sufficient to cause a... (View More)

The total amount of water on Earth, the places in which it is found and the percentages of fresh vs. salt are examined in this lesson. A short demonstration allows students to visualize the percentage differences and a coloring exercise illustrates... (View More)

This article explains the role that the ocean- and the effect of ocean warming- plays in determining the temperature differences between the North and South Poles. The article is part of the Climate Kids website, a NASA education resource featuring... (View More)

Keywords: Global warming
Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

An interview conducted with a building contractor provides insights into what it means to build an environmentally "green" house. This lesson is part of the Climate Kids website, a NASA education resource featuring articles, videos, images and games... (View More)

Keywords: Careers
Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

This article discusses how hurricanes form, are named and categorized. An online game related to hurricanes is included, as is a short video featuring Hurricane Katrina.

Keywords: Hurricanes
Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

Through a series of questions and answers, readers are introduced to the basic fundamentals of the carbon cycle and the importance of carbon as a greenhouse gas. This lesson is part of the Climate Kids website, a NASA education resource featuring... (View More)

Keywords: Global warming
Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

The greenhouse effect is explained in this series of related questions and answers. This lesson is part of the Climate Kids website, a NASA education resource featuring articles, videos, images and games focused on the science of climate change.

Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

This online board game involves moving a "research blimp" around the world. Advancing the blimp depends on spinning an embedded wheel and then correctly answering questions related to weather.

Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

This article offers a brief definition and description of clouds. Accompanying the article is a short drag-and-drop activity. The supplemental "Learn Cloudspeak" article consists of photographs with direct links to the name and a description of each... (View More)

Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

Intended for use prior to viewing the Science on a Sphere film "Water Falls," this lesson introduces students to Earth's water cycle and the importance of freshwater resources.

Intended for use after viewing the Science on a Sphere film "Water Falls," this lesson deepens student's understanding of global precipitation measurement. Students will explore NASA satellite data gathered during Hurricane Sandy to learn how that... (View More)

This toolkit was designed to help presenters - particularly scientists and engineers - easily present to elementary and middle school audiences and feel confident that the information they are presenting is developmentally-appropriate. The site... (View More)

Keywords: Water cycle
Audience: Elementary school, Middle school
Materials Cost: Free
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