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A question and answer format is used to differentiate between weather and climate, and to provide a brief overview of global warming. This lesson is part of the Climate Kids website, a NASA education resource featuring articles, videos, images and... (View More)

Keywords: Global warming
Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

This series of 18 captioned images depict several weather and climate-related events such as flooding, drought, glacial retreat and wind erosion. The Climate Kids website is a NASA education resource featuring articles, videos, images and games... (View More)

Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

Scientists use various types of records to understand the rates of change in Earth's past climates, and the climate connections in the Earth system. Use this interactive to compare climate data from around Earth, and investigate whether they... (View More)

Keywords: Climate data
Audience: High school

Students are introduced to the Köppen-Geiger climate classification system, which is used to identify world climate types based on annual and seasonal differences in temperature and precipitation. The lesson includes two activities with worksheets... (View More)

This interactive visualization illustrates changes in Earth's climate. Manipulate a sliding timeline to view the impacts on our planet of four climate related variables: sea ice, sea levels, carbon emissions, and average global temperatures.

Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

This question is addressed through a series of questions and answers, each providing related introductory information such as how climate change is studied, the history of Earth’s climate, and the effects of climate change on Earth’s geology and... (View More)

These animated stories follow the adventures of a polar bear and a fish. In the two episodes here, one just over four minutes, the other just over five, the duo come face to face with worldwide environmental changes. This lesson is part of the... (View More)

Keywords: Global warming
Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

A product of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), this website features sections entitled "Learn the Basics," "See the Impacts," "Think Like a Scientist," and "Be Part of the Solution" through which participants gain a deeper understanding of... (View More)

Keywords: Global warming
Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

Students build their understanding of weather and climate concepts by exploring several websites and online videos and completing a related worksheet. Students will examine NASA's role in both gathering weather and climate data and monitoring the... (View More)

Audience: Middle school
Materials Cost: Free

This curriculum allows middle school and high school students to use authentic NASA data from five satellite missions (Aqua, Aura, ICESat, Landsat, and Terra) to engage in a systems approach to climate change. The curriculum features four modules:... (View More)

The effects of climate change on marmots in Colorado and sheep in Scotland are presented and compared. The Climate Kids website is a NASA education resource featuring articles, videos, images and games focused on the science of climate change.

Keywords: Global warming
Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

This article explains the distinction between weather and climate. SciJinks is a joint NASA/NOAA educational website targeting middle school-aged children and their educators. It explores weather and Earth science through articles, videos, images,... (View More)

Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

The term "global average temperature" is defined and its importance in monitoring climate change is discussed. A supplemental column makes the analogy between Earth’s temperature and human vital signs. This lesson is part of the Climate Kids... (View More)

Keywords: Global warming
Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

Use the imbedded sliding scale to observe changes in sea ice distribution, carbon emission levels and average global temperatures over time, as well as the effects of variations in sea level rise along coastal regions. This interactive is part of... (View More)

Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

Some bird species appear to respond to extreme weather changes in their native habitat by moving to more hospitable environments. This article discusses the role of NASA satellites, along with field and citizen scientists, in studying that movement.... (View More)

The greenhouse effect is explained in this series of related questions and answers. This lesson is part of the Climate Kids website, a NASA education resource featuring articles, videos, images and games focused on the science of climate change.

Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

In this textbook chapter, students are introduced to the national and international efforts to mitigate climate change. Students examine transcripts of a congressional hearing on climate change, and consider the importance of enacting climate change... (View More)

Audience: High school
Materials Cost: Free

Students work in groups to investigate one of the following factors driving climate change: greenhouse gases, sea level rise and melting sea ice. The investigation involves conducting an experiment, connecting to real-world data and presenting a... (View More)

This unit focuses on the impacts of climate change on humans. Students participate in activities using "Character Cards" (included with the unit). The cards introduce fictitious citizens who describe the local economic, social and political factors... (View More)

Explore 11 eco-regions of the United States, highlighting regional impacts of climate change to habitats and wildlife. Includes a 12-minute, high-definition video on climate science, impacts on, and solutions for wildlife and wild lands; segmented... (View More)

This online, facilitated course is designed for middle-school educators wishing to teach global climate change. The course uses a problem-solving approach and interdisciplinary STEM methodology to engage middle-school students and help them... (View More)

This series of 9 captioned images depict green technologies that convert wind, sunlight and tides into electricity and also convert seawater to freshwater. The Climate Kids website is a NASA education resource featuring articles, videos, images and... (View More)

Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

This game is played on an online map of a fictitious city. Players are challenged to complete an assigned trip in the most environmentally friendly way possible while staying within time constraints. The Climate Kids website is a NASA education... (View More)

Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

This career-oriented interview features a home energy auditor. He describes his job responsibilities and offers tips for improving home energy efficiency. The Climate Kids website is a NASA education resource featuring articles, videos, images and... (View More)

Keywords: Careers
Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

An interview conducted with a building contractor provides insights into what it means to build an environmentally "green" house. This lesson is part of the Climate Kids website, a NASA education resource featuring articles, videos, images and games... (View More)

Keywords: Careers
Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

This series of 16 captioned images depict representative plant and animal species threatened by climate change. In contrast, images of healthy plants are also shown to emphasize their role in removing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. The Climate... (View More)

Keywords: Global warming
Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

This article discusses the challenges facing a species of lemur in Madagascar. Due to atypical rain patterns resulting from climate change, the survival rate of the offspring of these lemurs is decreasing. The Climate Kids website is a NASA... (View More)

Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

This site lists the necessary supplies, along with the step-by-step directions, to turn a t-shirt into a carry-all bag. Also included are links to two iron-on transfers - the Climate Kids banner and the Leaps and Flutters game - for use in... (View More)

Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: $1 - $5 per student

This series of 12 captioned images depict some of the issues facing Earth’s fresh water supply, such as pollution, drought, and glacial retreat. The Climate Kids website is a NASA education resource featuring articles, videos, images and games... (View More)

Keywords: Global warming
Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

The consequences of both sea ice melting and increases in ocean water temperature are presented in this examination of sea level- another of Earth's vital signs. This lesson is part of the Climate Kids website, a NASA education resource featuring... (View More)

Keywords: Global warming
Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

One of Earth's vital signs, the extent of sea ice cover in the Arctic, is examined. An image and accompanying text describe the extent and consequences of the reduction in that sea ice. This article is part of the Climate Kids website, a NASA... (View More)

Keywords: Global warming
Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

This series of 7 captioned images depict sources, causes and results of carbon dioxide and greenhouse gas emissions. This lesson is part of the Climate Kids website, a NASA education resource featuring articles, videos, images and games focused on... (View More)

Keywords: Global warming
Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

This article examines the ocean's role in heat absorption and carbon dioxide absorption. The consequences of changes in those, as well as in ocean water salinity, are discussed. The article is part of the Climate Kids website, a NASA education... (View More)

Keywords: Global warming
Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

The brief introduction to El Niño presented in this article also offers insights into its role during the quiet 2009 hurricane season. This article is part of the Climate Kids website, a NASA education resource featuring articles, videos, images... (View More)

Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

This article explains the role that the ocean- and the effect of ocean warming- plays in determining the temperature differences between the North and South Poles. The article is part of the Climate Kids website, a NASA education resource featuring... (View More)

Keywords: Global warming
Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

Through a series of questions and answers, readers are introduced to the basic fundamentals of the carbon cycle and the importance of carbon as a greenhouse gas. This lesson is part of the Climate Kids website, a NASA education resource featuring... (View More)

Keywords: Global warming
Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

Using global data sets with monthly resolution, you will adjust variables in this empirical climate model to test the degree to which natural and human influences can account for observed global temperatures from 1979-2010. This is part of Unit 3 of... (View More)

This 13-week online course focuses on the global climate system, which includes Earth's oceans, atmosphere and land along with human interactions with each. Offered twice a year, the course is directed towards middle school teachers, but is open to... (View More)

Students will use NASA's Global Climate Change website to research five of the key indicators (vital signs) of Earth’s climate health. These indicators are: global surface temperature, carbon dioxide concentrations, sea level, Arctic sea ice, and... (View More)

This textbook chapter presents evidence of a warming climate and outlines how a clear picture of global warming has emerged since the 1980s. Students learn about sampling error sources in climate data, and compare graphical data collected by climate... (View More)

In this activity, users download and graph modeled climate data to explore variability in climate change. Most people know that climate changes are predicted over the next hundred years, but they may not be aware that these changes are likely to... (View More)

NASA scientists, using several NASA Earth observing satellites, continue to seek answers to questions related to climate change. Several of those questions, focused on such topics as the effect of clouds and aerosols, and the role of the sun's... (View More)

Keywords: Global warming
Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

The movement of Arctic air, known as the Arctic oscillation, can and will cause periodic extreme winter weather outside the Arctic region - the harsh winter experienced in many parts of the U.S. in 2010 is a recent example. This article explains the... (View More)

Keywords: Climate change
Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

Temperature increases associated with global climate change have led to concerns that infectious diseases common in warmer tropical and subtropical climates may become more common in warming middle altitudes. In this problem-based learning module,... (View More)

This unit focuses on the impacts of climate change on humans. Students participate in activities using "Character Cards" (included with the unit). The cards introduce fictitious citizens who describe the local economic, social and political factors... (View More)

After examining variations and trends in short- and long-term air temperature data, students build an understanding of the differences between weather and climate. The lesson includes three activities with worksheets. An appendix also provides... (View More)

In this end-of-unit textbook chapter, students synthesize their understanding of contemporary climate change, consider their personal becomes CO² footprint, research one of the economic impacts of climate change, and compose a statement expressing... (View More)

Audience: High school
Materials Cost: Free

Unit three of the "Carbon Connections: The Carbon Cycle and the Science of Climate" curriculum examines the role of carbon and the carbon cycle in future climate. Students discover how scientists determine Earth's average temperature and the role of... (View More)

In this problem set, learners will analyze a graph of solar irradiance since 1610. Answer key is provided. They will consider average insolation, percent changes and the link between irradiance and climate change. This is part of Earth Math: A Brief... (View More)

Audience: Middle school
Materials Cost: Free

The recycled paper produced from the instructions provided contains an additional component - wildflower seeds. The entire paper disc can be planted; the sprouting of the flowers can be observed and analyzed. The Climate Kids website is a NASA... (View More)

Butterflies are dependent on native plants for survival. The decrease in the number and diversity of native plants has caused a drop in butterfly populations. Planting a butterfly garden, using plants native to the area, can promote butterfly... (View More)

Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

This article provides a brief introduction to solar energy, explains its benefits, and culminates in a description of the work being done by a group of volunteers, (the "Sun power people") who help install solar panels on homes in California. The... (View More)

Keywords: Global warming
Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

In this career-oriented interview, readers are introduced to the manager of several farmer's markets in Portland, Oregon. Following a brief description of his job and the general operations of a farmer’s market, he explains why these venues are... (View More)

Keywords: Careers
Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

In this career-oriented interview, readers are introduced to a scientist who works primarily on wind energy. He explains the importance of wind farm placement planning. Images of architectural wind and a wind farm are included, along with a link to... (View More)

Keywords: Careers
Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

This series of 11 captioned images depict the harnessing of three types of alternative energy sources: tidal, wind and solar. In contrast, several images of fossil fuel usage are included. The Climate Kids website is a NASA education resource... (View More)

Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

This article describes a form of solar energy collection called concentrating solar power and explains the basic technology behind it. A supplemental column provides a brief overview of three other solar collections systems. The Climate Kids website... (View More)

Keywords: Solar power
Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

Houses, some with floor space of less then 100 square feet, can leave a small carbon footprint. This article describes those "tiny houses," and gives additional reasons some people choose to live in them. Photos of several are included. The Climate... (View More)

Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

Using her countywide program as an example, a recycling educator offers incentives for recycling by providing data on energy savings and explaining how her county in Michigan supports the program. The Climate Kids website is a NASA education... (View More)

Keywords: Careers
Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

This series of 28 captioned images depict some the positive and some of the negative influences on the global carbon cycle, including industrial pollution, deforestation, waste disposal, transportation, and recycling. The Climate Kids website is a... (View More)

Keywords: Carbon cycle
Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

Instructions are provided for making a solar oven, followed by directions for using the oven to make s'mores. A side column discusses the practicality of using solar ovens in places like western Africa. The Climate Kids website is a NASA education... (View More)

A landscaper explains, through an interview format, how it is possible to design and maintain yards and gardens that require very little water. The Climate Kids website is a NASA education resource featuring articles, videos, images and games... (View More)

Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

The article addresses this question by suggesting environmentally friendly actions to help reduce carbon footprints, trash production, and water usage. “Green” careers are also discussed. The Climate Kids website is a NASA education resource... (View More)

Keywords: Careers
Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

This short article begins with a definition of groundwater and then focuses on problems related to groundwater in northern India. The Climate Kids website is a NASA education resource featuring articles, videos, images and games focused on the... (View More)

Keywords: Global warming
Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

Following a brief introduction to tidal energy, this article discusses the use of tidal generators to convert that energy into electricity. The article also features a description and images of the Invergordon, Scotland tidal energy generator. This... (View More)

Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

The site features an online game in which participants keep recyclable items out of the trash by guiding them into proper bins. Accompanying the game is a list of three categories of items that can be recycled, along with the benefits of doing so.... (View More)

Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

This series of 13 captioned images depict the effects of global warming, oil spills and human waste on ocean water, organisms, and beaches. The Climate Kids website is a NASA education resource featuring articles, videos, images and games focused on... (View More)

Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

This site contains four word find puzzles; one on each of the following topics: air, water, land and life. In addition, the site features information on an Ecosphere - a self-contained living world inside a closed glass container. This lesson is... (View More)

Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

Instructions are provided for constructing a terrarium. The analogy between the terrarium and Earth is also provided. This activity is part of the Climate Kids website, a NASA education resource featuring articles, videos, images and games focused... (View More)

This online game allows participants to maneuver solar panels and a wind turbine in order to provide electricity to light five homes. Background information on sources of electricity- fossil fuels, solar energy and wind energy- is also presented.... (View More)

Keywords: Solar power
Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

The concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is the focus of this article; the units of measurement (ppm) are explained and the importance of monitoring that number as one of Earth's vital signs is also discussed. This article is part of... (View More)

Keywords: Global warming
Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

Students examine a text discussing climate change and identify tools of argumentation: evidence, qualifiers, claims and support. A student worksheet supports the activity. This resource is supported by Chapter 7, What is the Controversy About?, in... (View More)

In addition to instructions for making a model bee out of polymer clay, this site also contains related information about bees: a fact list, factors that threaten them, suggestions on how to help them, a waggle dance diagram and video, and even bee... (View More)

Keywords: Global warming
Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: $1 - $5 per student

Tree ring analysis and satellite data observations are combined in this investigative lesson on past climate. Students will compare the width of tree rings from a real or virtual tree x-section with precipitation levels from authentic satellite... (View More)

Audience: Middle school
Materials Cost: Free

In this activity, students analyze a 2011 article by physicist Dr. Richard Muller addressing the climate change skeptic's claim that the scientific data used to support global warming is poor or unreliable. He headed a two-year study where his... (View More)

Audience: High school
Materials Cost: Free per student

This self-paced, interactive tutorial introduces classic weather patterns and unique meteorological events associated with the seasons in the Great Lakes region, while simultaneously demonstrating the utility of remote-sensing data to monitor... (View More)

Arctic warming produces biological winners (whales) and losers (polar bears). This article explains why they are impacted differently and includes supplemental images. This lesson is part of the Climate Kids website, a NASA education resource... (View More)

Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

Adding lemon juice to water increases the water's acidity; adding carbon dioxide to water will also increase acidity. The effects of the carbon dioxide acidification of ocean water from burning fossil fuels are discussed and images of some of the... (View More)

Keywords: Greenhouse gases
Audience: Informal education
Materials Cost: Free

In this unit, students investigate temperature cycles, tree rings, CO2 records, and the effects of CO2 on temperature, precipitation and cloud cover to determine the impacts of changing climate on forests. After gathering and analyzing local data,... (View More)

This unit focuses on local plant species; students learn to identify common species and will examine their life cycle characteristics as evidence of climate change. Through the use of the national citizen science project titled Project BudBurst,... (View More)

Latitude and longitude impact climate. Students will learn this first hand by researching the climate for a specific 10° x 10° quadrant of the country. Students will download data sets on both temperature and precipitation for their quadrant and... (View More)

Audience: High school
Materials Cost: Free

In this kinesthetic activity, the concept of energy budget is strengthened as students conduct three simulations using play money as units of energy, and students serve as parts of a planetary radiation balance model. Students will determine the... (View More)

In this introductory textbook chapter, students learn that life on Earth would not be possible without the atmosphere and its greenhouse effect. The history of research on the role of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere is presented, and the concept... (View More)

This self-paced, interactive tutorial explores the use of remote-sensing data to monitor Great Lakes weather and climate. Interactive tools are provided to allow the learner to compare the surface area of the different Great Lakes. Seasonal climate... (View More)

This activity is about planetary climate. Once familiar with the factors that determine a planet's surface temperature, learners will use an interactive spreadsheet model of a planet's atmosphere to determine if greenhouse gases, luminosity of the... (View More)

In this 2-part inquiry-based lesson, students conduct a literature search to determine the characteristics of the atmospheres of different planets (Venus, Mercury, Mars and Earth). After collecting and analyzing data, student teams design and... (View More)

Unit one of the "Carbon Connections: The Carbon Cycle and the Science of Climate" curriculum introduces the role of carbon (as carbon dioxide) as an atmospheric indicator. Students examine the impact of geologic and climatic history on current... (View More)

In this laboratory investigation, student teams discover that the ocean's capacity to dissolve carbon dioxide depends on its temperature, and consider the effect of a warming ocean on CO² absorption. The activity requires Bromothymol blue indicator... (View More)

In this guided research investigation, students investigate the process of science and build media literacy by studying the public debate about climate change. Students compare media articles from 1989-2010, and observe that statements differ... (View More)

Audience: High school
Materials Cost: 1 cent - $1 per student

This article discusses how the Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer (MISR) instrument found on the Terra satellite is used to understand how particles in the atmosphere interact with sunlight and how particle pollution affects Earth's climate.... (View More)

In this lab activity, student teams hypothesize which source has a greater becomes CO² concentration: their breath, auto exhaust, or air in the classroom. They test gas samples from each of these sources, plot data, and hypothesize about the... (View More)

In this problem-based learning unit, learners examine the causes and impacts of dust transported through the atmosphere. An estimated two billion tons of dust is emitted by the Earth annually. Scientists are becoming increasingly interested in the... (View More)

This worksheet introduces students to the Aura satellite and its Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI). Students are asked to visit the Aura website and examine OMI data visualizations to learn about emissions of atmospheric gases such as sulfur... (View More)

Keywords: Air pollution
Audience: High school
Materials Cost: Free

This series of modules are designed to increase student's knowledge of climate change science and the issues surrounding the complex interactions of Earth’s physical and biological spheres. The six modules include global temperatures,... (View More)

Audience: High school
Materials Cost: Free

Students learn about changes in sea ice observed by NASA satellites through reading a NASA press release. By viewing a NASA eClips™ video segment, students discover how scientists study the effects of global climate change on Earth's biomes.... (View More)

Keywords: Graphing
Audience: Middle school
Materials Cost: Free

Students will learn about the temperature change of Earth during the 20th century and through 2010. They will read a NASA press release describing recent trends in global climate change since 1900, and view a NASA eClips™ video segment about the... (View More)

Audience: Middle school
Materials Cost: Free

This unit consists of four activities. Students begin by examining temperature cycles (current, recent and historical) then add in factors such as carbon dioxide, precipitation and cloud cover to discover regional and global differences in the... (View More)

This introductory chapter for educators provides background information to support classroom investigations of global climate change. Topics addressed include the structure and composition of the atmosphere, General Circulation Models (GCMs), 2xCO2... (View More)

Students critically interpret graphical data and evaluate and discuss the difficulties inherent in interpreting and forecasting long and short term trends in this introductory climate change investigation. Graphs of data needed for this exercise are... (View More)

This online lab exercise focuses on the processes involved in the Carbon cycle and the influences of human activity on those processes- especially as they relate to Earth's weather and climate. The fourth in a 10-part lab series on weather and... (View More)

Audience: Higher education
Materials Cost: Free

Through a series of interactive multimedia activities, animations, videos, and online lessons, students develop an understanding of permafrost and its connections to climate change. NASA data from space, suborbital, and ground platforms are... (View More)

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